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Nobel Prize-Winning Peruvian Author Mario Vargas Llosa – Full Biography!

Peruvian-born Mario Vargas Llosa won the 2010 Nobel Prize for Literature

1936: Jorge Mario Pedro Vargas Llosa was born on March 28, 1936 in Arequipa (Arequipa, Peru), the son of Ernesto Vargas Maldonado and the former Dora Llosa Ureta. They divorced before Mario was born. Subsequently, despite the opposition of Dora Llosa, Mario becomes a writer.

1946: He and his family moved to Cochabamba (Bolivia), where he learned to read. Subsequently, Mario grew up in Piura and Lima, the capital of Peru.

1950: Young Mario was sent to the Leoncio Prado Military Academy (Colegio Leoncio Prado), an elite school for boys in Lima.

1952: Inspired by William Faulkner and Gustave Flaubert, Vargas Llosa became a novelist by publishing, at the age of 20, his first book “La Huida” (The Escape) in Piura (northern Peru). Decades later he said: “Literature was an escape, a way to justify my life, to compensate for all that saddened and disgusted me… The path to (literature) always led through this type of experience – of alienation”.

1957: He went to Paris (France), where he worked as a teacher and a journalist. Certainly, Peru could not offer much to a man who wanted to live as a writer.

1959: In Spain, Vargas Llosa began to make a name for himself as he, a virtually unknown writer in Peru, won the Premio Leopoldo Alas for his work “Los Jefes” (The Leaders), one of his most important books.

1962: The Latin author published his novel “La Ciudad y los Perros” (The time of the hero) and subsequently received the Premio Biblioteca Breve Seix Barral. After winning the award, military authorities burned 1,000 copies in Lima, condemning it as the work of a Marxist.

1963: Paris-based Peruvian writer Vargas Llosa was a finalist for the Premio Formentor.

1965: He published “La Casa Verde” (The Green House). On the other hand, he visited the Socialist Republic of Cuba, a country dominated by a Soviet-backed regime. Subsequently, it received the Premio de la Critica.

1967: By publishing “Los Cachorros” (The Puppies), the South American writer won the Premio Romulo Gallegos.

1968: Like many other Latin American and European writers, he spoke out in favor of the Cuban Revolution.

1969: “Conversacion en la Catedral” (Conversation in the Cathedral) was written by Vargas Llosa. However, in time, on November 22, 1975, Penny Lernoux wrote of “Conversation in the Cathedral”: “Peru’s latest and most brilliant novel Mario Vargas Llosa, and one of the most scathing denunciations ever written of corruption and the immorality of the Latin American ruling classes”.

1970s – An activist for democracy and human rights in Cuba

1971: Award-winning Peruvian novelist Vargas LLosa expressed his strong opposition to the Cuban Revolution when speaking out against Castro’s imprisonment of poet Heberto Padilla. Since the 1970s, he has compelled the world to pay attention to the tragedy in Cuba.

1971-1972: He wrote “Garcia Marquez: Historia de un deicidio” (Story of a deicide). During the following months he also published “La Historia Secreta de una Novela” (The Secret History of a Novel).

1973: Vargas Llosa’s novel “Pantaleon y las Visitadoras” (Pantaleon and the Visitors) has been published.

1976: He became the first Peruvian personality ever invited to be a judge at the Cannes Film Festival.

1977: Vargas Llosa’s career took a leap forward in 1980 when he was appointed president of Pen Club International. In the meantime, he caused controversy by writing “La Tia Julia y el Escribidor” (Aunt Julia and the screenwriter).

1980s — The father of modern Peru

1980: The Latin novelist made international headlines when he won a scholarship for the Wilson Center Foundation in Washington, DC. His selection was based on his international reputation. During this time, he openly criticized the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

1980-1990: He was one of the earliest and most vocal critics of the Peruvian terrorist group Shining Path, one of the most brutal terrorist movements in the world.

nineteen eighty one : “La Guerra del Fin del Mundo” (The War at the End of the World), set in Brazil, was written by Peruvian-born Vargas Llosa, becoming one of his most popular works. During this time he also produced “La Senorita de Tacna” (Miss Tacna). On the other hand, he became an ardent defender of democracy and freedom in Latin America.

1982: Along with Cicely Tyson (actress) and David Copperfield (magician), the London-based Peruvian novelist Vargas Llosa became one of the international judges of the 31st Miss Universe pageant, among the most anti-communist organizations, in Lima.

1984: He criticized the Castro administration as an instrument of the Soviet Union in the third world.

1985: After winning the Paris Ritz Hemingway Award, he donated $50,000 to children in Ayacucho, a region devastated by terrorism.

1986: The Latin American essayist wrote “Quien Mato a Palomino Molero?” (Who killed Palomino Molero?). On the other hand, his talent was recognized by Spain when he received the Premio Principe Asturias (Prince of Asturias Prize), becoming one of the most eminent novelists in the world.

1987: On August 21, 1987, he led a protest movement in Peru against the pro-socialist policies of President Alan Garcia. Hundreds of people gather to support Vargas Llosa. Subsequently, he founded the Movimiento Libertad, a political party. However, decades ago he said, “I myself don’t even have a minimal vocation for politics. I hate people who use literature for political purposes.”

1988-1989: “Elogio de la Madrasta” (Praise of the Mother-in-Law) was written by London-based Peruvian essayist Vargas Llosa. During that same year, he, who admires Margaret Thatcher (the former leader of the United Kingdom between 1979 and 1990) became the first writer to lead a major political party in Peru when he was chosen as leader of FREDEMO , the national opposition party. . During his presidential campaign, he traveled to Japan, South Korea, Singapore and Taiwan.

1990s – Peru’s Last Hero

1990 : In April, despite an initial burst of enthusiasm for his candidacy for FREDEMO, he did not win the presidential election. In a runoff election, Alberto Kenya Fujimori of Cambio 90 was elected president of Peru, defeating Vargas Llosa. Fujimori beat Vargas Llosa by 62.4% to 37.6%. Prior to the presidential election, Vargas Llosa was leading in almost every poll.

1992: Following the April 1992 military coup, he condemned the dictatorship of Alberto Fujimori of Peru. Given the climate of political uncertainty that reigned under the tyranny of Fujimori, he became a Spanish citizen. In the years that followed, he was condemned as a traitor by then-dictator Fujimori.

1993: He published “El Pez en el Agua. Memories” (A fish in water), an essay on Peruvian politics.

1993: After publishing “Lituma en los Andes” (Death in the Andes), Peruvian-born Spanish author Vargas Llosa received the Premio Planeta, the Globe’s second most prestigious literary award.

1994: Vargas Llosa had a good year in 1994. Why? He, an expert in Third World studies, earned a place in Peruvian history by capturing the Premio Miguel Cervantes.

1995: To surprise millions of Latin Americans, he won the Jerusalem prize.

1996: The Peruvian-born Spanish novelist Vargas Llosa became one of the members of the Royal Spanish Academy.

1997 : “La Utopia Arcaica. Jose Maria Arguedas y las Ficciones el Indigenismo” (Archaic Uopia: Jose Maria Arguedas and the Fictions of Indigenismo) and “Los Cuadernos de Don Rigoberto” (Cahiers de Don Rigoberto) were published by the award-winning Peruvian essayist Vargas Llosa.

2000s – A global symbol of the fight against tyranny

2000: “La Fiesta del Chivo” (The Festival of the Goat), which takes place in the Dominican Republic under the tyranny of Rafael Trujillo, was written by Vargas Llosa. In the meantime, he has become one of the most influential authors in the world.

2001: Award-winning Peruvian novelist and essayist Vargas Llosa has spoken out against Venezuelan warlord Hugo Chavez Frias.

2003: Despite the brilliance of his career, the South American essayist had not won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Vargas Llosa was one of the favorites to win the 2003 Nobel Prize in Literature, alongside names like Ismail Kadare (Albania) and Milan Kundera (Czech Republic), as well as Margaret Atwood (Canada) and Adunis (Syria).

2004 : With the exception of Javier Perez de Cuellar (UN Secretary-General, 1981-1991), few Peruvians are better known internationally than author Mario Vargas Llosa. Nevertheless, few Peruvians really know the origins of Vargas Llosa.

2005: The Latin author, who speaks excellent English, made a name for himself by winning the 2005 Irving Kristol Prize.

2006: For the first time, the South American author publishes an essay on Palestine (Israel-Palestine. Peace or Holy War).

2008: Award-winning Peruvian novelist Vargas Llosa has been widely critical of the Venezuelan-backed government of Cuban dictator Raul Castro.

2009: He embarked on a vigorous democratic campaign to persuade the Peruvian government to build a museum of memory and human rights.

2010: On October 7, 2010, the Republic of Peru, an independent Spanish-speaking country since 1821, experienced perhaps its greatest happiness in its national history when Mario Vargas Llosa, who writes about dictatorships, violence and democracy, won the Nobel Prize for Literature 2010, the most prestigious award in the world. Latin America had to wait 20 years to finally win the international prize. Ironically, he, little mentioned in the Peruvian press, was not one of the favorites to win the Swedish Prize. Vargas Llosa’s victory is a milestone in the history of Peru, which has the second-worst education system in the Western Hemisphere. Without a doubt, it has become a national symbol; it made every Peruvian proud. With the victory of Vargas Llosa, Peru has the distinction of being the fifth country in Latin America to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, after Chile (1945 & 1971), Guatemala (1967), Colombia (1982) and the United Mexican States (1990). He had been nominated several times for the Nobel Prize since the late 1970s. On the other hand, in Arequipa, many people were enthusiastic about Vargas Llosa’s victory. The Nobel Prize-winning novelist hails from Arequipa, Peru’s second largest city.

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