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Prostate Specific Antigen And Prostate PSA Levels
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men in the United States. This cancer can only occur in men because the prostate is part of the male reproductive system. Men over the age of 50 are most at risk of developing this cancer, and prostate cancer is responsible for more male deaths than any other cancer except lung cancer.
The discovery of prostate cancer most often occurs during a physical examination. Another way to detect cancer is through blood tests, such as PSA. PSA is an acronym for Prostate Specific Antigen. PSA is an enzyme produced exclusively by prostate cells. A small amount of PSA is continually flushed into the bloodstream by prostate cells. This allows the measurement of a PSA blood test.
For men 60 and under, the normal PSA level is up to 2.5 ng/ml. For men over 60, the range is 4.0 ng/ml, because the prostate typically enlarges and produces more PSA with age. A prostate cancer cell can produce 10 times more PSA than a normal cell. As the cancer cells multiply, more PSA is released into the bloodstream, causing the PSA blood test to have a higher result than averages in a male’s age range.
Average prostate-specific antigen in men with prostate cancer:
The average prostate specific antigen is 7.2 ng/ml, but there is wide variation. Men can be treated for cancer with a PSA as low as 0.3 ngl/ml and as high as 430 ngl/ml. Fifteen percent of men have a PSA below the “normal” range of 4.0 ng/ml. Men can be categorized into four PSA groups based on his PSA.
– Group 1: up to 4.0 ng/ml
– Group 2: 4.1 ng/ml – 10.0 ng/ml
– Group 3: 10.1 ng/ml – 20.0 ng/ml
– Group 4: Above 20.0 ng/ml
Example: I am 64 years old with a PSA of 6.3 ng/ml:
In general, the amount of prostate PSA in the blood is an indicator of how much cancer is present in a man. More PSA usually means more cancer. A PSA of 6.3 ng/ml places this man in a PSA group of 4.1 to 10.0 ng/ml. This level of prostate-specific antigen would suggest that this man has slightly less cancer than the average prostate cancer patient.
Link between PSA and the amount of cancer present:
Some prostate cancers do not produce a lot of PSA. These cases are called low PSA-producing cancers. Low PSA cancers can fool doctors. Some of the most advanced cancers are low PSA. For this reason, a PSA blood test cannot be used as the sole indicator of whether a man has cancer. PSA is a good indicator of how much cancer is present, but the test isn’t perfect. Your doctor should perform other tests and also determine your Gleason score to better determine if cancer is present and, if so, how severe it is.
The most important information in this article is to learn about prostate cancer. Once you know more about cancer, you’ll be better prepared to make a decision about treatment and your doctor. It is not difficult to learn about this type of cancer and the treatments practiced by each type of doctor. There are many ways to treat prostate cancer, so it’s essential that you take the time to learn about each one. With few exceptions, there is only one chance of recovery, so take the time to make an informed decision.
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